How you can recognize fakes ?
When buying amber it is very difficult to identify if the stone is real Baltic amber or a counterfeit as there are so many materials available on the market and different techniques which make it possible to produce stones similar to amber. Nevertheless there are some simple methods to test the material we have.
For example, most fakes made of plastic sinks in salty water. Baltic amber will float on the surface, unfortunately it is the same in the case of copal. Copal, much like plastic, does not fluoresce in ultraviolet light, whereas, freshly polished amber does. In a stream of hot air copal softens and starts melting while polished amber is resistant to. It is the same as far as alcohol, ether and other solvents are concerned. Amber bears immersion very well, it may only get dull on its surface while copal becomes sticky just after a few seconds. If we can afford it, we can probe with a heated needle. The needle enters amber with difficulty and it is easy to pull it out. In the case of copal the needle gets fused and to pull it out you will need to apply a large force. While burning amber gives off a characteristic smell of resin. All these methods mentioned above are not 100% trustworthy. Reliable results can be achieved only by examining an amber sample using spectroscopic or chromatographic techniques, but it is impossible to conduct this kind of examination at home and it will not yield results quickly.
What shall we do if simple attempts do not bring any effects, but these more complicated can result in the damage of the stone? A good solution is to buy amber jewellery from recommended suppliers who have all the certificates for these goods. In Poland these certificates are issued by two institutions: The International Amber Association and The Polish Amber Chamber of Commerce.
At the clients' request we provide the certification for our goods.