Where amber comes from ?
Baltic amber is a fossil resin from coniferous trees which used to cover the area of Scandinavian countries. To convince oneself of its origin there is no need to conduct any complicated analysis. It is enough to look at amber lumps carefully to notice that they have retained some bark, tree fiber and twigs.
Dribbling out of the broken trunks, branches or roots, the resin covered or filled up cracks in trunks and roots. Thanks to its disinfective properties the resin protected trees against bacteria, viruses and fungi. It was a specialized self-defence system of these tree species, which today is exactly the same even after so many years. There is a high probability that in the place of the Baltic Sea there was a river system, which transported trees with hardening resin to a shallow sea. Trees decomposed very quickly, but the resin covered with sand hardened and became amber.
Amber lumps are of different sizes, from little bits which we find on the beach during our holidays to big blocks that weigh a few kilograms. The largest amber lump, which weighs nearly 10 kilograms, was found in Poland and at present is kept in a museum in Berlin.